are many types of fertilizers
you can use:
Liquid, Granular, Powder, Water Soluble
By Dan Suttle
There are many
things to consider in deciding to fertilize your pond. Do you want to grow
bigger fish? Do your want to catch fish when you do go fishing? Do you want
your pond to look good? A fertilized pond can produce three to four times
as many pounds of fish per acre each year than a non-fertilized pond. A well-managed
pond will usually produce 300 to 500 pounds more fish per acre each year.
With a fertilized pond, you have more fish and your fish will have more
to eat; in return you have bigger fish to catch. It takes very little time
or money to have a good fertilized pond or lake. The secret is knowing what
to do, how to do it, when to do it and why you are doing it. Why is simple
to answer - to grow bigger fish, to catch more fish and to have a better
time fishing. You have spent probably thousands of dollars in building a
pond and now you want to enjoy it, so fertilize it.
are available in liquid, granular, or powdered forms. All of them are good.
Consider your preferences to find the one that’s right for you. Liquid
is heavier than water and will have to be diluted before it can be applied.
Some times special equipment is needed to apply this liquid fertilizer.
Large lakes require you to apply over a larger area, boat and spray equipment
should be used. First if your pond is small you will have to shake up the
liquid to get it to mixed properly. If all is not used, then dilute it. You
should dilute liquid fertilizer; three gallons of water for one gallon
of liquid fertilizer needed and apply with a sprayer. Try to apply as much
as you can evenly over your pond. Liquid takes more time to apply and it
might not be to your advantage to use that type. But it does act a littler
quicker than granular fertilizer. The liquid does cost a little more to
use. Granular fertilizer is a little less expensive but it will have to
be kept off the mud. This is very important. You will have to put
something under the granular, to keep off the mud. You can use visqueen or
any kind of plastic or a platform. For every 3-5 surface acres of water you
would need a location to apply your granular. You need to place the granular
fertilizer in about 3-6 inches of water near the pond bank. Do not take
you granular and broadcast it into the water or pour it behind you boat.
If you do that, you just wasted your money. Power fertilizer should be used
as the instructions say. There are several different kinds of power fertilizer.
What little I have used has not work in my commercial operation. But some
of my clients like the powder and it works well for them, so you might try
Liming is the
key. It is so important that if you need lime you have to use it.
Get help. Contact your County Extension Agent, your local Soil Conservationist,
or your State Universities Aquaculture Department. Get a soil sample from
the pond and get it tested. This is a must. If you need lime and don’t get
it you will never have good pond. I cannot over emphasize the importance
of lime to your pond’s water quality. It’s the key to unlocking everything
in the pond. Lime is going to make your fertilizer work and be more effective.
If unsure of your need for lime, get help.
in the spring when water temperatures have stabilized at 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Then stop when water temperatures cool down to 60 degrees in the fall. A
simple method of knowing when to fertilizer is to examine your water clarity.
If the sunlight penetrates the water 18 inches or more, a fertilization program
should be implemented. The depth of light penetrating into the pond is a
measurement of algae density or bloom. Once a program is started, it needs
to be continued all summer. General instructions to fertilize.
pond water will turn a light green color. The reason for this color change
is plankton growth. Plankton is presence when the water is filled with
tiny plants and animals, called plankton. A good bloom is light green
water, dark enough where you cannot see more than 12-18 inches deep. A
good fertilization program will keep the water a light green color all summer
long. Fertilizer will turn water light green in color with plankton. Water
insects and other organisms use the plankton for food. Small fish feed on
these insects and organisms. When plankton production is increased with
fertilizer, fish production also increases. Fertilizer can be applied to
stimulate plankton growth and increase fish production in all ponds.
No two ponds
are alike, and with our present knowledge, it is impossible to predict the
rate of fertilizer to use in everyone’s pond or lake. The types of soil in
your pond will determine the amount of fertilizer you will need. Try these
rates for the various types and find out what works best for you.
Water Soluble Pond Fertilizers 10-52-4
Our test on the use of Water Soluble Pond Fertilizers ( 10-52-4 ) has shown it not only works but you get a deeper bloom quicker, requires no premixing or agitation because it dissolves rapidly on contact with water. We recommend 4 pounds per acre. Application can be made by hand or aquatic applicator in a lot less time than with granular or liquid pond fertilizers . Since 2003 Suttle Fish Farm will use only 10-52-4 Water Soluble Pond Fertilizers! Read about this.
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